#hurrayoftheday: 16

My second phenomenological study, co-authored with Ione Damasco (subject: politically/socially conservative librarians), is cited in a chapter outlining the phenomenological research method.

Written by Jenny Bossaller, the chapter is included in Research methods for librarians and educators: Practical applications in formal and informal learning environments, edited by Ruth V. Small and Marcia A. Mardis.

research methods


#hurrayoftheday: 15

My work on low morale has been included in a bibliography and on a LibGuide.

Earlier this year at the ACRL New England Chapter’s (ACRL NEC) Annual Conference, Cristina Bell, Naomi Binnie, Brooke Duffy, Gina Levitan, and Kelleen Maluski lead a panel: “Turning missteps into stepping stones: Personal and professional growth as an early career librarian.” Enjoy the presentation and check out that sweet bibliography!

Additionally, many thanks to Tiffany Esteban at the University of Florida for creating a guide curating resources, research, and commentary  on Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in libraries.


#hurrayoftheday: 14


This #hotd submission shows the power of supportive networks (Somaly Kim Wu and I are part of the 2008 Minnesota Institute for Early Career Librarians (MIECL) cohort) and for me personally, the awesomeness of synchronicity (earlier this morning I received some mildly disappointing news about my low morale study dissemination efforts). 

Somaly’s text is a gentle, positive reminder about the usefulness of my scholarship in the field, and I’m thankful she thought to send me the notification during what I’m very sure is an engaging and busy conference.

Whomever was leading the session, thanks to you as well for sharing my research.

Update: my work was referenced during the “Building Community and Solidarity: Disrupting Exploitative Labor Practices in Libraries and Archives” session led by Courtney Dean, Karly Wildenhaus, Maggie Hughes, Shira Peltzman, Jenny Feretti, and Joyce Gabiola.

Learn more about the Digital Library Federation, which is hosting the Digital Library Forum through October 17.


Considering: Oppressed Group Behavior


While analyzing data for my PoC academic librarians low morale study, I came across behaviors that seemed to fall under the realm of oppressed group behavior (OGB) – known more colloquially as “eating one’s young” the “one” being the profession and the “young” meaning not necessarily the age of the target, but the lesser years of professional experience the target has (e.g., a new member of a profession).

The behavior and term was studied, coined, and eventually applied  to the nursing field by researchers Friere (1970) and Roberts (1983). The Centers for Disease Control sums up the definition of oppressed group behavior in the nursing profession:

Nurses as a group display some characteristics of being oppressed including low self-esteem and feelings of powerlessness. When an individual or group not only feels but is relatively powerless compared to another, they can take it out on one another within the oppressed group, especially on someone even less powerful. (2013)

It goes on to share the outcomes of such behavior, showing the emphasis on the links of power and professional hierarchies:

In addition to the systemic factors described by the Joint Commission … incidents of verbal abuse or violence between physicians (or other authority figures) and nurses can leave nurses feeling powerless, especially when they believe their options for recourse are limited by an administrative process that will side with the more powerful abuser. The nurse’s frustration and suppressed anger can end up being redirected laterally against her coworkers or downward against CNAs and other less powerful staff. (2013)

In oppressed professional groups that manifest OGB, the main ways more experienced group members abuse newer members include silent observations of newer group members’ struggling to fulfill job-related duties and/or acclimate to the workplace and berating or ostracizing newer group members who try to avoid abuse that is generally seen by established group members as a rite of passage. You can see an example of the former behavior (although highly dramatized) here: 

While my current PoC study includes OGB-centric data, my work with folks in the low-morale course suggests that OGB may be a phenomenon in LIS as a whole. Considering some of the similarities LIS shares with nursing profession (feminization, LIS/Librarian perceptions, credentialing in the field), I believe OGB deserves exploration and attention as it relates to  and impacts our practice, and in our professional literature.

Works Cited

Centers for Disease Control. (2013). Workplace violence prevention for nurses. Retrieved from https://wwwn.cdc.gov/wpvhc/Course.aspx/Slide/Unit4_7

Friere, P. (1970). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York : Herder and Herder.

Roberts, S.J. (1983). Oppressed group behavior: implications for nursing. Advances in Nursing Science, 5(4): 21 -30.



Actually, I’m re-watching it because I recently found out that my very favorite socially anxious, dry, witty, and brilliant British comedian Richard Ayoade is also hosting a merciless travel show that I accidentally-on-purpose binge-watched this past month….

There are discussions about an American reboot…but I say: “Why?” (Also, “nahhh…”)